Definition: Estimated percentage of public school students in grades 7, 9, 11, and non-traditional programs who consider themselves gang members (e.g., in 2015-2017, an estimated 4.8% of California 9th graders considered themselves gang members).
Data Source: WestEd, California Healthy Kids Survey (CHKS) and Biennial State CHKS. California Dept. of Education (Mar. 2019).
Footnote: “Gang” is not defined in the survey, so use caution when interpreting these data. Years presented comprise two school years (e.g., 2015-16 and 2016-17 school years are shown as 2015-2017). County- and state-level data are weighted estimates; school district-level data are unweighted. Students in non-traditional programs are those enrolled in community day schools or continuation education. The notation S refers to (a) data for school districts that have been suppressed because there were fewer than 10 respondents in that group, and (b) data for counties that have been suppressed because the sample was too small to be representative. N/A means that data are not available.