Definition: Number of substantiated cases of abuse and neglect per 1,000 children under age 18 (e.g., in 2015, there were 8.2 substantiated cases of abuse and neglect per 1,000 California children).
Data Source: Webster, D., et al. Child Welfare Services Reports for California, U.C. Berkeley Center for Social Services Research (Jun. 2016); Annie E. Casey Foundation, KIDS COUNT (Jul. 2016).
Footnote: A child is counted only once (per year, per county). Data for California and counties include only "substantiated" cases, while data for the U.S. include "substantiated" as well as "indicated" and "alternative response victims." "Substantiated" means that the allegation was conclusively founded. "Indicated" means that the allegation could not be conclusively substantiated, but there was sufficient evidence to suspect maltreatment. LNE (Low Number Event) refers to data that have been suppressed because there were fewer than 20 substantiated cases of child abuse. N/A means that data are not available.