Definition: Level of academic motivation among public school students in grades 7, 9, 11, and non-traditional programs, by level of school connectedness (e.g., in 2013-2015, an estimated 13.3% of California students in grades 7, 9, 11, and non-traditional programs with low levels of school connectedness had high levels of academic motivation).
Data Source: WestEd, California Healthy Kids Survey. California Department of Education (Jul. 2017).
Footnote: Levels of academic motivation are based on a scale created from responses to four questions about being interested in schoolwork and being motivated to do well, understand new things, and do better at school. Levels of school connectedness are based on a scale created from responses to five questions about feeling happy, safe, close to people, a part of school, and about teachers treating students fairly. Years presented comprise two school years (e.g., 2013-14 and 2014-15 school years are shown as 2013-2015). County- and state-level data are weighted estimates; school district-level data are unweighted. Students in non-traditional programs are those enrolled in community day schools or continuation education. The notation S refers to (a) data for school districts that have been suppressed because there were fewer than 10 respondents in that group, and (b) data for counties that have been suppressed because the sample was too small to be representative. N/A means that data are not available.