Definition: Estimated percentage of women with a live birth with family income below 100% of the federal poverty guideline, by race/ethnicity (e.g., an estimated 60.2% of Hispanic/Latina California women with a live birth in 2013-2014 lived in families with income below the federal poverty guideline).
Data Source: California Department of Public Health, Maternal, Child and Adolescent Health (MCAH) Division, & University of California, San Francisco, Center on Social Disparities in Health, Maternal and Infant Health Assessment (MIHA) Survey (Mar. 2018).
Footnote: Family income is based on monthly pre-tax income from work, welfare, disability, unemployment, child support, interest, dividends, and support from family members. The federal poverty guideline was $23,850 for a California family of four in 2014. MIHA is an annual population-based survey of California resident women with a live birth in the calendar year. Percentages are weighted to represent all women with a live birth in California and counties during the time period. Refer to the MIHA technical notes for information on weighting methods.