Definition: Estimated percentage of children ages 0-17 who have experienced two or more adverse experiences, by U.S. congressional district (e.g., in 2016, an estimated 16.4% of California children had experienced two or more adverse experiences).
Data Source: Population Reference Bureau, analysis of data from the National Survey of Children's Health and the American Community Survey (Mar. 2018).
Footnote: Due to changes in survey methodology, these estimates should not be compared with data from earlier years. This indicator reports on nine adverse childhood experiences: (1) socioeconomic hardship, (2) divorce/separation of parent/guardian, (3) death of parent/guardian, (4) parent/guardian served time in jail, (5) witnessed domestic violence, (6) witnessed/experienced neighborhood violence, (7) lived with someone with mental illness, (8) lived with someone with alcohol/drug problems, (9) treated/judged unfairly due to race/ethnicity. U.S. and California data are direct estimates from the National Survey of Children’s Health. Data for other areas are based on methods of local area estimation; for more information, see Producing Synthetic Estimates of Children’s Health and Well-Being for Local Areas (May 2015).