Definition: Estimated percentage of women with a live birth who before age 14 had a parent or guardian who got in trouble with the law or went to jail, by family income level (e.g., among California women with a live birth in 2013-2014 and living in families with incomes below their federal poverty guideline, an estimated 13.5% had a parent or guardian who got in trouble with the law or went to jail).
Data Source: California Department of Public Health, Maternal, Child and Adolescent Health (MCAH) Program, & University of California, San Francisco, Center on Social Disparities in Health, Maternal and Infant Health Assessment (MIHA) Survey (Mar. 2018).
Footnote: Family income is based on monthly pre-tax income from work, welfare, disability, unemployment, child support, interest, dividends, and support from family members. The federal poverty guideline was $23,850 for a California family of four in 2014. MIHA is an annual population-based survey of California resident women with a live birth in the calendar year. Percentages are weighted to represent all women with a live birth in California and counties during the time period. Refer to the MIHA technical notes for information on weighting methods.