Definition: Estimated percentage of women with a live birth for whom before age 14 it was somewhat or very often hard for their families to pay for basic needs like food or housing, by family income level (e.g., for an estimated 30.7% of California women with a live birth in 2013-2014 and living in families with incomes below their federal poverty guideline, it was somewhat or very often hard to pay for basic needs like food or housing).
Data Source: California Department of Public Health, Maternal, Child and Adolescent Health (MCAH) Program, & University of California, San Francisco, Center on Social Disparities in Health, Maternal and Infant Health Assessment (MIHA) Survey (Mar. 2018).
Footnote: Family income is based on monthly pre-tax income from work, welfare, disability, unemployment, child support, interest, dividends, and support from family members. The federal poverty guideline was $23,850 for a California family of four in 2014. MIHA is an annual population-based survey of California resident women with a live birth in the calendar year. Percentages are weighted to represent all women with a live birth in California and counties during the time period. Refer to the MIHA technical notes for information on weighting methods.