Definition: Estimated percentage of women with a live birth who before age 14 experienced childhood hardships, by race/ethnicity (e.g., an estimated 7.4% of Hispanic/Latina California women with a live birth in 2013-2014 experienced four or more childhood hardships).
Data Source: California Department of Public Health, Maternal, Child and Adolescent Health (MCAH) Program, & University of California, San Francisco, Center on Social Disparities in Health, Maternal and Infant Health Assessment (MIHA) Survey (Mar. 2018).
Footnote: This indicator reports the prevalence of seven childhood hardships: (1) basic needs not met, (2) parental drinking or drug problem, (3) parental legal trouble or incarceration, (4) parental divorce or separation, (5) family hunger, (6) relocation due to problems paying rent or mortgage, (7) foster care placement. MIHA is an annual population-based survey of California resident women with a live birth in the calendar year. Percentages are weighted to represent all women with a live birth in California and counties during the time period. Refer to the MIHA technical notes for information on weighting methods. The annotation [!] indicates that the relative standard error for the estimate is between 30% and 50%.