Definition: Estimated percentage of public school students in grades 7, 9, 11, and non-traditional programs who consider themselves gang members, by level of school connectedness (e.g., in 2015-2017, an estimated 11.2% of California students in grades 7, 9, 11, and non-traditional programs with low levels of school connectedness considered themselves gang members).
Data Source: WestEd, California Healthy Kids Survey (CHKS) and Biennial State CHKS. California Dept. of Education (Mar. 2019).
Footnote: “Gang” is not defined in the survey, so use caution when interpreting these data. Years presented comprise two school years (e.g., 2015-16 and 2016-17 school years are shown as 2015-2017). County- and state-level data are weighted estimates; school district-level data are unweighted. Levels of school connectedness are based on a scale created from responses to five questions about feeling happy, safe, close to people, a part of school, and about teachers treating students fairly. Students in non-traditional programs are those enrolled in community day schools or continuation education. The notation S refers to (a) data for school districts that have been suppressed because there were fewer than 10 respondents in that group, and (b) data for counties that have been suppressed because the sample was too small to be representative. N/A means that data are not available.