Definition: Estimated percentage of children ages 0-17 with and without adverse childhood experiences (ACEs), by number (e.g., in 2016-2018, 14.8% of California children had experienced two or more ACEs).
Data Source: Population Reference Bureau, analysis of data from the National Survey of Children's Health and the American Community Survey (Nov. 2019).
Footnote: Due to changes in methodology, these estimates should not be compared with data from earlier years. This indicator reports on nine adverse childhood experiences: (1) experienced economic hardship, (2) parent or guardian got divorced or separated, (3) parent or guardian died, (4) parent or guardian served time in jail, (5) witnessed domestic violence, (6) witnessed or experienced neighborhood violence, (7) household member was mentally ill, (8) household member abused alcohol or drugs, (9) treated unfairly because of race/ethnicity. These estimates are based on a survey of the population and are subject to both sampling and nonsampling error. U.S. and California data are direct estimates from the National Survey of Children's Health. County-level data are based on methods of local area estimation; for more information, see Producing Synthetic Estimates of Children's Health and Well-Being for Local Areas (May 2015). N/A means that data are not available.