Definition: Estimated percentage of children ages 0-17 with special health care needs, by income level. E.g., in 2011-2012, an estimated 15% of California children living below the Federal Poverty Level (0-99% of FPL) had special health care needs. The FPL was $23,283 for a family of two adults and two children in 2012.
Data Source: Child and Adolescent Health Measurement Initiative, Data Resource Center for Child and Adolescent Health, Advancing data-in-action partnerships for children and children with special health care needs in California counties and cities using synthetic estimation from the 2011/12 National Survey of Children’s Health and 2008-2012 American Community Survey (Jun. 2016).
Footnote: Children with special health care needs are defined as those who have or are at increased risk for a chronic physical, developmental, behavioral, or emotional condition and who also require health and related services of a type or amount beyond that required by children generally. These data are based on methods of local area synthetic estimation; for more information, please refer to: Advancing Improvements in MCH Outcomes Using Local Area Estimates from the National Survey of Children's Health: An Overview of Methods and Field Applications (Sep. 2016). Local area estimates for 0-99%, 100-199% and 200-399% FPL subgroups are not available due to the minimum sample size requirement criteria used for the synthetic estimations. Some regions listed are Census Designated Places (CDPs), such as East Los Angeles; CDPs are communities within the unincorporated part of a county. N/A means that data are not available.